BLEPT Reviewer

Review questions and lectures for people taking the Licensure Exam for Teachers.

The Teacher


  • licensed professional who possesses dignity and reputation with high moral values as well as technical and professional competence; He/she adheres to observes, and practices a set of ethical and moral principle, standards and values” – (Code of Ethics of Professional Teacher, 1997)
  • one who went through 4 to 5 years’ period of rigorous academic preparation in teaching and one who is given a license to teach by the Board for Professional Teachers of the Professional Regulation Commission after passing Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET)

T – Teach the knowledge, skills, and values envisioned for the Filipino citizenry.
E – Encourage every individual to develop his potentials not for himself only but for others.
A – Achieve personal significance in the challenges of the profession.
C – Care for the individual learner by communicating acceptance, reflect, and trust.
H – Help the learners learn the skill for living, learning and loving.
E – Explore the benefits of new information, new technology, and new ideas to enhance effectiveness as a teacher.
R – Reflect every now and then to be able to think clearly and act responsibly on the tasks and the context of your situation.

Professional Qualities

  1. Mastery of the subject matter.
    • first essential requisite of teaching
    • teacher must have a through group of the subject he teaches
  2. Understanding the learner.
    • essential requisite of effective teaching is knowledge of the nature of the children
    • teacher should be aware of the different levels of intellectual and emotional maturity of the children
    • important to know their interest, backgrounds, and previous experiences which is in effect can be used in motivating the learners
  3. Understanding the principles and methods of teaching and skill in the use of strategies and techniques for proper implementation.
    • teacher should be able to promote learning effectively by knowing what to teach (subject matter), how to teach (method) and the skill appropriate for effective teaching
  4. General understanding of other branches/field of knowledge.
    • teacher should possess a general knowledge and understanding of other fields or branches of knowledge
  5. Understanding and taking pride of teaching as a profession.
    • must understand his task and the corresponding responsibility
    • teacher’s success will depend to a great extent on his attitude and positive outlook towards his job

Personal Attributes

  1. Passion – Passion in teaching is a compelling force that emerges from one’s inborn love for children, passion not die or diminish.
  2. Humor – Humor stands for anything funny, which elicits a smile, laughter or amusing reaction.
  3. Values and Attitude – Teachers are models of values. Values connote standards, code of ethics and strong beliefs.
    • Fairness and impartiality in treating students eliminate discrimination. Teacher must be unbiased and objective in judging their work and performance.
    • Sincerity and honesty are values exhibited in words & actions.
    • Professionalism is highly treasured in the teaching in the teaching profession.
  4. Patience – In teaching, patience refers to a teacher’s uncomplaining nature, self-control and persistence. Patient teachers can forego momentous, frustrations & disappointments.
  5. Enthusiasm – Enthusiastic teachers are full of energy and dynamism. Their passion and love for children are easily felt and not long after their lively presence in the classrooms.

The effective teacher

  1. Attitude toward teaching as profession.
    – It is ideal that teachers really love teaching and look at it with a sense of pride and mission.
    – A positive attitude toward one’s work makes a difficult job lighter.
  2. Attitude towards Learners/People
    – Teaching is an interactive process. It involves relating with another person. The teacher leads in this interpersonal interaction. She understands the basic human needs.
  3. Attitude towards Change
    – Teaching is meaningful and challenging because it offers an opportunity for teachers to enhance their critical and creative thinking. It gives teachers a sense of self-esteem in being able to perform their tasks effectively and efficiently.

Responsibilities of a Teacher

  • Preparing Lesson plans, teaching classes and evaluating student progress
  • Encouraging Students and acting as a teacher-advisors for students
  • Maintaining Discipline in the classroom
  • Running extracurricular sports, clubs and activities (voluntary)
  • Communicating with parents about students’ progress

Roles of a Teacher

  1. Classroom Manager
  2. Behavioral Counselor
  3. Academic Coach, Mentor, Guide and Instructor
  4. Collaborator

Job of a Teacher

  • Direct Instruction
  • Facilitation of Understanding
  • Coaching of Performance



Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers or RA 7836
Magna Carta for Public School Teachers or RA 4670




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